• Chromium carbides form in stainless steels along either side of a weld. These carbides form where the metal is in the temperature range of approximately 1100 – 1500 F. Since the weld pool is well above this temperature and the base metal is below it, there is always some part of the welded part which was in that temperature range. The quantity of carbides which form depends on several factors,

  • Ensuring a topnotch weld inspection program​ Ensuring that welders follow specific procedures is a crucial step in the overall welding quality system. There are a number of reasons to inspect a weld, the most fundamental of which is to determine whether its quality is good enough for its intended application. To evaluate the quality of a weld, it is necessary to

  • A crucial step in many welding applications, preheating slows the rate of cooling in a finished weld, lowers the amount of hydrogen in it, and reduces the risk of cracking. Artificially introducing heat into the base metal — by means of an external heat source — adds a step to the welding process; however, it can save you time and money in the long term by reducing the potential for a failed

  • At the end of construction, and following commissioning tasks such as water flushing, water should always be present in petroleum processing equipment. Whenever this water may subsequently lead to an operational problem, or if equipment may be damaged, it is necessary to perform a drying-out operation. There are several different reasons for drying-out depending upon the type of equipment and

  • All ASME Code Stamped Section VIIIpressure vesselsmust undergo a pressure test.Cryogenic pressure vesselswith Code Stamps are no different. The requirements for this pressure testing is contained within paragraphs “UG-99 Hydrostatic Pressure Test”, “UG-100 Pneumatic Test”, and “UG-101 Proof Tests to Establish Maximum Allowable Working Pressure”.

  • Hydrostatic test Ahydrostatic testis a way in whichpressure vesselssuch aspipelines,plumbing,gas cylinders,boilersand fuel tanks can be tested for strength and leaks. The test involves filling the vessel or pipe system with a liquid, usually water, which may be dyed to aid in visual leak detection, and pressurization of the vessel to the specified

  • Welding Inspection Procedure / Checklist This article provides you a general welding inspection proceduer. Stage 1 - Welding Inspection Prior to Welding Work Welding symbols and weld sizes clearly specified in drawing and related documents. Weld joint designs and dimensions clearly specified in drawings and related documents. Weld maps identify the welding procedure

  • Art of extracting maximum information from radiography image. This requires subjective judgment of the interpreter Interpretis to give the meaning of to explain.Evaluateis to determine the worth of something.Indicationis a density change appearing on a radiograph.False indicationsare film artifacts, screen Problems, fog, scatter x-ray diffraction.Discontinuityis

  • PostHeating In case of alloy steel materials such as Cr-Mo stels, if the post weld heat treatment is not performed immediately after welding, then the weld joint and adjacent portion of pipe, at least 50 mm on either side of pipe, shall be uniformly heated to 300°C. This temperature shall be maintained for half an hour minimum, and then wrapped with mineral wool before allowing it to cool

  • Visual Inspection (VT) Visual inspection is a non-destructive testing (NDT)weld quality testing processwhere a weld is examined with the eye to determine surface discontinuities. It is the most common method of weld quality testing. Advantages of nondestructive weld quality testing: Inexpensive (usually only labor expense) Low cost equipment No power requirement Quick

  • We provide services as individualsto the project for the inspection of welding including fit-up inspection, weld visual inspection, line alignment inspection, dimension inspection of the modules. weld visual inspection of steel structure, preheat inspection, PWHT inspection, hydro test inspection, final walk down, punch list preparation, final dossier review. About the project: Satah

  • Once you have determined that the welding application requires preheating, consider the best method to use. Induction heating is one preheat option that provides consistent heat throughout the weldment. It offers fast time-to-temperature and is considered a very safe option for preheating. Photo courtesy of Miller Electric Mfg. Co. Preheating with an open flame from a torch is

  • Many different types of welding inspection exist to keep pipes and structures safe and secure. Countless building codes require strict adherence to project plan specifications and inspection guidelines, according to Weld Procedures. The American Weld Institute usually produces code for multiple story structures, while the American Petroleum Institute issues construction and inspection guidelines for

  • Induction Heating The most common methods for achieving a more controlled preheat temperature are induction heating and electrical resistance heating. “The equipment used for induction is considerably more expensive than that used for electrical resistance heating,” said Fong. “However it does get your steel hotter quicker. It still offers you much more control than what you

  • Basic Weld Inspection - Part 1 John Hoh Senior Staff Engineer National Board Category: Design/Fabrication Summary:This article was originally published in theFall 2009National BoardBULLETINas the first of atwo-part series. Please seeBasic Weld Inspection - Part 2for the conclusion of this article. Note: The

we provide the following services to all types of industries,

  • Project Procedures writing/review
  • PQR Qualification<br /><b>Notice</b>:  Undefined index: imgalt in <b>/home1/abicaecc/public_html/search.php</b> on line <b>420</b><br />
  • WPS Qualification
  • WPQ welder qualification
  • Material receiving
  • spool release
  • Fit-up inspection
  • Preheat inspection
  • welding inspections
  • NCR issuing and closing
  • NDT witness
  • RT film review
  • PWHT inspection
  • Hydro test package review
  • Hydrotest inspection
  • Reports review
  • Site inspection
  • Walk down of the project
  • Punch list creation 
  • Punch list closing
  • Dossier review
  • Dossier submission
  • Final handover of Project


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