• Construction Codes & Significance Postweld heat treatment on the weld of ASTM A335 P11 seamless pipes. The heat treatment is performed by a flexible ceramic pad heater. Seamless pipes made of low-alloy steel ASTM A335 Grade P11 can be used for power piping (ASME B31.1) or process piping (ASME B31.3) at elevated temperatures. After joining the two ASTM A335 P11 pipes together by a welding

  • To ensure the satisfactory performance of a welded structure, the quality of the welds must be determined by adequate testing procedures. Therefore, they are proof tested under conditions that are the same or more severe than those encountered by the welded structures in the field. This page contains visual inspection tips. The following pages contain inspection methods for GMAW and physical weld

  • Basic Weld Inspection - Part 1 John Hoh Senior Staff Engineer National Board Category: Design/Fabrication Summary:This article was originally published in theFall 2009National BoardBULLETINas the first of atwo-part series. Please seeBasic Weld Inspection - Part 2for the conclusion of this article. Note: The

  • Preheating Heat treatment of welds is a critical activity which needs to be carried out before and after the welding process. Heat treatment before welding (Preheating) is necessary to bring the base weld metal at proper temperature. No welding shall be performed without preheating the joint to 10°C (50°F) when the ambient temperature is below 10° C. Preheating requirements for

  • The major objective of radiographic testing of castings is the disclosure of defects that adversely affect the strength of the product. Castings are a product form that often receive radiographic inspection since many of the defects produced by the casting process are volumetric in nature, and are thus relatively easy to detect with this method. These discontinuities of course, are related to casting

  • The Vessel Pressure Testing article provides you with information about pressure vessel hydro-static testing requirements and related item in pressure vessel inspection. The requirements have been described based on ASME Code Section VIII. You need to do this test after completion of the construction process, but before the internal parts assembly and also before painting process. This content

  • Ensuring a topnotch weld inspection program​ Ensuring that welders follow specific procedures is a crucial step in the overall welding quality system. There are a number of reasons to inspect a weld, the most fundamental of which is to determine whether its quality is good enough for its intended application. To evaluate the quality of a weld, it is necessary to

  • Welding Procedures are the guidelines used to perform a weld. They are designed to provide a record of the welding variables used and the inspection results obtained during the procedure qualification test. They can also provide the instructions for the welder to use in production in order to produce acceptable welds. Usually welding procedures are developed in accordance with a welding code or standard,

  • Many characteristics of a weld can be evaluated during welding inspection - some relating to weld size, and others relating to the presence of weld discontinuities. The size of a weld can be extremely important, as it often relates directly to the weld's strength and performance. For instance, undersized welds may not withstand stresses applied during service. Depending on their size and/or

  • While using a torch to preheat your welds may seem simple enough to suit your job, is it doing the job correctly?​ Preparing an electrical resistance preheat on a large piece of machinery. Image courtesy of KASI Technologies Inc. Preheating is an important preparatory operation for certain welding jobs. As the name implies, it is the process of raising

  • A crucial step in many welding applications, preheating slows the rate of cooling in a finished weld, lowers the amount of hydrogen in it, and reduces the risk of cracking. Artificially introducing heat into the base metal — by means of an external heat source — adds a step to the welding process; however, it can save you time and money in the long term by reducing the potential for a failed

  • Welding Welding is basically the mixing of abase metalwithfiller metal. Filler material is melted at high temperature through a consumableelectrodeand provides the relevant bonding strength. Filler metal and base metal are bonded together in one solid body. A good quality weld is at least as strong as the base material(s) being joined. Preheating Preheating is

  • Weldingis an essential part of operating and maintaining assets in the petroleum (upstream, midstream, downstream) and chemical processing industries. While it has many useful applications, the welding process can inadvertently weaken equipment by imparting residual stresses into a material, leading to reduced material properties. In order to ensure the material strength of a part is retained

  • PostHeating In case of alloy steel materials such as Cr-Mo stels, if the post weld heat treatment is not performed immediately after welding, then the weld joint and adjacent portion of pipe, at least 50 mm on either side of pipe, shall be uniformly heated to 300°C. This temperature shall be maintained for half an hour minimum, and then wrapped with mineral wool before allowing it to cool

  • Radiographic Testing Procedure This content provides you with a example Radiographic Testing Procedure. This is a general and sample RT procedure and you need to modify it to meet your project specifications. 1. SCOPE: 1.1-This Procedure describes the general requirements for radiography examination (RT) according to related approved weld map for the metallic welding and casting

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